Cultural Express—Festival Traditions of Guanzhong Area

The first 15 years of my life had been spent in hometown located in Eastern China,whose cultures are subtly distinct from that in Shaanxi Province(generally called Guanzhong Area).Therefore,the moment of my setting the foot on this land,I was completely surrounded by a windy weather and rough culture,which made me suffer for a while.

However,when I began to go deep into it,some interesting points came along.

“Rites of Spring Festival in Guanzhong

The traditional bread steaming time is from 27th to 29th of the twelfth month of the lunar year. It is every house’s must work and bread gift should be prepared. There are three kinds of steamed bread as gift, the big-sized one is for daughter-in-law to take back home that in snail-shape with stuffing of oil, flour and shallot mixed together; the smaller one for distance relatives shaped in water chestnut; the last kind for own family in different forms with a red dot on each top as a symbol of auspicious. To follow the custom of “forbid rolling until 15th of the first moon”, all of the breads would eat up after the 15th. 

Daintily, calends should stay at home. Besides, there is another custom in Guanzhong—delivering flour-made doll to the newly married couples as a kind of blessing of procreating.
Dragon Boat Festival.

The lunar May 5th is the Chinese traditional Dragon Boat Festival, also name as “ Day of Five Poison”, “ Moppet Festa”, “May Festa” and “Daughter Day” etc. With regard to its origin, there is no unanimous decipher due to different races and various regions. The widely accepted one is that the day is to cherish the memory of patriotic poet Qu Yuan. According to the records by Wu Jun of Liang Dynasty, during the Spring and Autumn period, Qu Yuan was slandered by others and threw himself to the Mi Luo River to death.

People living in South China made 5th day of the 5th moon an annual event on which day boat races were held, signifying the launching of boats to rescue Qu Yuan. Figures of dragonheads decorated the bows of the boats, which later became known as dragon boats. Eventually the whole event was renamed the annual dragon boat races.

Every year on the 5th day of the 5th moon, the day Qu Yuan disappeared, it was customary for people living in the region near Mi Luo River to make glutinous rice dumplings wrapped in bamboo leaves and to throw them into the river to feed the fish. Later they accepted the fact that Qu Yuan’s body must had decomposed in the water after such a long period of time. They stopped throwing glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo leaves into the river. Instead of feeding the fish they consumed the dumplings as desserts. Many generations later they called the dumplings Zong Zi.

Shaanxi Dragon Boat Festival inherits the traditional way of celebration, ancientry abound and full of amusement. Commonly, they start the festival at the end of the lunar April and lasted to the May 5th with the major activity is to donate towards each other instead of large-scaled activity.

More Family Tendency on the New Year’s Eve

With the impact of newly burnt modern culture, people began to examine their life style afresh. People in Xian choose to cast of themselves from the normal busy life temporarily and back to some traditional customs. 

The way back home is never forgotten. Different from other years, people are appealed to back home accompanying children and elders. People from abroad and high-salary work are still able to go home.

The celebration usually held in September that full of people and various kinds of performances would be seen. Large-scale traditional culture display and dance, folk custom, folk percussion instrument performance and so on. Also exhibitions of traditional culture and trade fairs are held nearby.

Qingming Festival

–Yellow Emperor Mausoleum Ancestor Worship

The festival is always held in a somewhat serious atmosphere to show people’s respect to our ancestor. Every year of April, in Huangling County a series of formal ceremonies will be on display here.

As a start, the pointed person would read out the memorial ceremony oration to consecrate the sacrificial offering. Following with the cry bamboo artillery, plants the pine and cypress, pays respects the Yellow Emperor temple.
Mt. Hua International Rock Climbing Competition

During the balmy autumn days of September every year, there would held a competition that draws a lot of attention from people of different age groups. It is a kind of sports rather than a competition; people would like to enjoy the wonderful process instead of the result.

Xi’an City Wall International Marathon
Friendly Match

The friendly match is also a sport activity held annually, on the first Sunday of November around the Ancient City Wall. Male, female group 5 kilometers, 10-kilometer matches, half range marathon friendly match.

Xian Terra Cotta Warrior and Horses
& Guava Celebration

Lintong, Xian is both the home of Terra Cotta Warrior and Horses and the producing area of the famous guava. When the pleasure autumn comes, the hot tourist time also arrives; the attractive bright-red guavas have drawn much attention. Local people make best use of the sources of the Terracotta Warrior and Horses and guavas together, which will fulfill the spirit and material enjoyment. The celebration begins in the year 1991, in the mid-September that lasted for a whole week. The main activities include visiting the Terracotta Warriors and Horses, Huaqing Hot Spring, looking around Guava Garden and tasting delicious guavas etc”

I wish one day I could have the chance to enjoy delicious guavas while appreciating the famous Warriors.



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